Bolton Metro Legal Services successfully concluded one of its two local Best Value Pilots on 3rd December 1998 by securing ISO 9001 Quality Assurance Accreditation. This brief article outlines:-


  1. what ISO 9001 is about;
  2. what was done to achieve success;
  3. how the paperchase normally associated with ISO 9001 was kept to an absolute minimum ; and
  4. what is being put in place to reduce even further the paperchase.




This is a European Quality Assurance Standard that is secured only after external accreditation by an approved certification body. Bolton selected SGS Yarsley International Certification Services Limited (of Oldham) after receiving quotations and quality submissions from various certification bodies.


The Quality Standard ISO 9000 is divided into three standards (ISO 9001, 9002 and 9003). For Legal Services only ISO 9001 or 9002 are applicable. The only material difference between the two is that ISO 9001 is all embracing, whereas ISO 9002 does not contain the ‘design control’ element covered in ISO 9001. This article explains ISO 9001, which has the following 20 different elements:-


  1. Management Responsibility
  2. Quality System
  3. Contract Review
  4. Design Control
  5. Document & Data Control
  6. Purchasing
  7. Control of Customer-supplied Product
  8. Product Identification and Traceability
  9. Process Control
  10. Inspection and Testing
  11. Control of Inspection, Measuring & Test Equipment
  12. Inspection and Test Status
  13. Control of Non-conforming Product
  14. Corrective and Preventive Action
  15. Handling, Storage, Packaging, Preservation & Delivery
  16. Control of Quality Records
  17. Internal Quality Audits
  18. Training
  19. Servicing
  20. Statistical Techniques


The philosophy behind ISO 9001 is that if the process for a particular matter (i.e. provision of local government legal services) is codified, understood and consistently applied by all then the final product will meet the standards specified. If not, one continuously revisits and refines ‘non-conformances’ out of the process so that the end result / quality standard is consistently attained. In the right hands, therefore:-






In order to succeed, the external auditor will need to assess that any internal procedures, systems and processes established to deliver a quality service comply with appropriate elements of the ISO 9001. Accordingly, no system will be complete without addressing each element of the ISO 9001 (even to the extent of saying an element does not apply).


Bolton Metro Legal Services had a multitude of quality systems and documents generated as a result of its CCT Contract success in 1995. A Quality Policy Manual was, however, necessary in order to address paragraph by paragraph the 20 elements of the ISO 9001 Quality Standard (identified above). The existing Quality Manual, CCT Quality Plan, CCT Quality Method Statements and Customer Care Plan (to mention but a few!) were all incorporated into a new Quality Office Manual. ISO 9001, therefore, proved to be a most useful umbrella for the various quality initiatives under a unified ‘Best Value’ quality banner.


In addition to the unification exercise, all existing procedures, systems and procedures were thoroughly reviewed to ensure compliance with the ISO 9001 quality standard. Having succeeded means that those procedures will continue to be audited regularly and systematically to ensure compliance and relevance to changing circumstances. Raising the quality threshold should, therefore, be easier and audited regularly to ensure there has, in fact, been a move in the positive direction.


The following chart shows how the various quality initiatives were brought under one umbrella:-



In addition to the Quality Policy Manual, a Quality Office Manual was, as indicated above, proved necessary. The Quality Office Manual contains, inter alia, the following Sections:


  1. Structure of Legal Services
  2. Personnel Procedures
  3. Fire, Health and Safety Procedures
  4. Office Procedures
  5. Case Management Procedures
  6. Committee Procedures
  7. Quality of Service : Checks and Supervisory Procedures
  8. Professional Information / Research and Training Procedures
  9. Document Control Procedures
  10. Quality Audit Procedures
  11. Customer Care Plan & Value Adding Procedures
  12. Generic Quality Method Statement


The ISO 9001 paperchase


Clearly, codifying existing practice, auditing the same and keeping the records for the same for internal and future external audits is undoubtedly time-consuming pre-, during and post-accreditation. Team effort at all levels, as opposed to effort by one individual only, must be in place, therefore, to ensure success. Legal Services’ concerted efforts for ISO 9001 started around April 1998 and built upon, at least, four years of experience with quality system innovations.


Keeping the paperchase to a bare minimum was an important objective in our preparations as some other Quality Assured systems inspected left the author with many questions about the ‘liberal’ staffing levels in those local authorities. A certain amount of clear-headed leadership and direction was, therefore, required in order to ensure the mistakes of others were not replicated. One way to ensure this was for the manager to ensure that the focus remained on quality improvements as opposed to devising inward procedures, processes and systems that gave the impression of ‘compliance’ with the ISO 9001 Quality Standard but did not actually deliver or enhance quality.


Experience shows that the paperchase can be kept to an absolute minimum by focusing on the ‘value adding’ results and putting appropriate procedures, processes and systems to deliver the same as opposed to concentrating on the procedures, processes and systems that do not add value to the results.


Post- accreditation


Having secured ISO 9001 Quality Assurance, it does not stop there!


Further developments were identified and actioned prior to (and as a result of) the external audit. Appropriate action has already been taken to further improve the Quality Assured System and reduce even further the paperchase. With time, it is clear that a finely tuned ISO 9001 Quality Assured System with an ever reducing level of minimal paperchase will be secured and the quality threshold continuously raised in accordance with the regular supervision and audit review procedures.


 Mirza F. N. Ahmad, MBA, Barrister

Chairman, Bar Association for Local Government & the Public Service

Assistant Director of Central Services (Legal), Bolton MBC

(01204) 522311 ext. 1111 December 1998

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